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THE Gateway to the Subject</B></I></FONT></CENTER>
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<H2>A round-up of national and international digital projects <BR>concerning 
early mapping </H2></CENTER>
<FONT size=3>
<CENTER><I>for information about maps already on the web see <A 
href="">Images of early maps on the 
web</A></I></CENTER><A name="top of page"></A>

<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=0 width="100%">
    <TD><VALIGN=TOP width="50%">
        href="">Afriterra: the 
        Cartographic Free Library (Boston)</A> 
        <LI><A href="">�dre 
        geometriska jordeb�r</A> 
        <LI><A href="">American 
        Memory Project</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Ancient 
        World Mapping Center </A>
        <LI><A href="">Archivi 
        in Rete</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Atlas of 
        Historical US County Boundaries (Newberry Library, Chicago) </A>
        Topographic Maps</A> 
        Nazionale Marciana, Venezia</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Bremen</A> 

        <LI><A href="">British 
        and Irish digital projects</A> <!--
<li><a href="#centro">Centro Studi sull' Iconografia della citt�uropea</a>
        <LI><A href="">Charles 
        <LI><A href="">Charting 
        the Nation 1590-1740 [Scotland]</A> 
        <LI><A href="">China 
        Historical Geographic Information System (CHGIS) project</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Collect 
        Britain [British Library]</A> 
        <LI><A href="">David 
        Rumsey collection</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Digital 
        Historical Maps (northern Europe)</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Digitaler 
        Wenker-Atlas (DiWA)</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Early Maps 
        (1660-1850) of the Middle Atlantic Seaboard </A>
        <LI><A href="">The 
        Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative (ECAI) </A>
        <LI><A href="">England. 
        History of cartography research at the University of Exeter </A>
        <LI><A href="">'Forma 
        Urbis Romae' </A>
        <LI><A href="">Gallica - 
        Biblioth�e nationale de France</A> 
        <LI><A href="">GeoWeb 
        <LI><A href="">Great 
        Britain Historical GIS Project </A>
        <LI><A href="">Greater 
        Philadelphia GeoHistory Network (GPGN)</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Hic Sunt 
        Leones </A></LI></UL></TD>
    <TD><VALIGN=TOP width="50%">
        <LI><A href="">Historic 
        Kartenbest�e des Oberrheins</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Iceland 
        <LI><A href="">Images for 
        economic and social history</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Imago II 
        Project [Rome]</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Itinera 
        per Indias Occidentales</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Lewis and 
        Clark Historic Landscape Project</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Mapping 
        Europe's Historic Boundaries and Borders</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Mapping 
        Mediterranean Lands</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Mapping the 
        <LI><A href="">Mapping the 
        <LI><A href="">Memory of 
        the Netherlands Project (�Het Geheugen van Nederland�)</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Nolli map 
        of Rome</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Parish Map 
        Preservation Project [New South Wales]</A> <!--
<li><a href="#perception">Perception of Space and Forms of Mappings. From
Medieval Cosmography to Renaissance Cartography: Towards a New
Reading of Fifteenth and Sixteenth Century Cartography</a>
        Roman Map</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Pfyffer. 
        Historical Relief Model of Switzerland</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Pictures 
        in Print</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Project Pont 

        href="">Resources for 
        Learning in Scotland (RLS)</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Road Map 
        Collectors Association</A> 
        <LI><A href="">Stanford 
        Geological Survey Maps and Field Notebooks </A>
        <LI><A href="">TimeMap</A> 
        On-Line Digital Boundary Data (Edinburgh Univ.)</A> 
        <LI><A href="">U.S. 
        Serial Set Maps</A> 
        <LI><A href="">W.E. 
        Upjohn Center for the Study of Geographical Change</A> 

<CENTER><I>For texts discussing digital preservation issues in general 
<CENTER><A href="">Creating map 
images (helpful sites) and digital preservation issues</A></CENTER>
<A name=afriterra></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Afriterra: the Cartographic Free Library (Boston)</A> 
<P>"AFRITERRA is a not-for-profit archive of mostly antique maps and books, 
providing a definitive place for students and the general public to study and 
preserve the original rare maps of Africa as a medium linking art and science 
and history." Elsewhere, its goal has been described as "cataloging and 
digitizing over 10,000 rare early maps of Africa...Opening in 2002, the library 
will provide a focused visual record on Africa...through slides, lectures, 
exhibits, prints, and the sharing of files." The mounting of its images of maps 
of Africa is also noted on the <A 
href="">Web Images</A> page. See the 
<A href="" target=_blank>Holdings</A> page 
for lists of maps and books, and links to sample map images. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=aldre></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>�dre geometriska jordeb�r</A>
<P>A project from the Swedish national archives to digitize the oldest Swedish 
cadastral maps (1633-55), 'Geometriska jordeb�rna', including their 
accompanying text. Ten plans from the 1637 MS cadastral atlas by Karl Karlsson 
Gyllenhielm of an area in <A 
target=_blank>Sm�nd</A> have been put on the web. See also <A 
target=_blank>'M�dens karta'</A>, explanatory pages with sample illustrations. 

<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=american></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>American Memory Project</A>
<P>The Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress is contributing to 
the American Memory Project with a wide range of map images. For details, see <A 
href="" target=_blank>Images of 
early maps on the web: Large general sites</A>. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=ancient></A><A href="" target=_blank>Ancient 
World Mapping Center</A> 
<P>'The Ancient World Mapping Center exists to promote cartography and 
geographic information science as essential disciplines within the field of 
ancient studies. The staff and affiliates of the Center work to advance the 
study of the ancient world through innovative and collaborative research, 
teaching, and community outreach activities using cartography, geographic 
information science, and historical geography.' Includes sample maps from the 
<I>Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World.</I> 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=archivi></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Archivi in Rete: Elenco degli indirizzi dell'Amministrazione 
Archivistica e di alcuni Archivi di Stato online</A> 
<P>Links to 26 Italian archives engaged in mounting material on the web, run by 
the Archivio di Stato di Cagliari 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=atlas></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Atlas of Historical US County Boundaries (Newberry Library, 
<P>A reference work designed to provide information about the creation and 
boundary changes of every county in the United States, from the earliest county 
creation in the 1600s to 1990. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=austro-hung></A>Austro-Hungarian Topographic Maps 
<P>See <A href="" 
target=_blank>�Building a Globally Distributed Historical Sheet Map Set of 
Austro-Hungarian Topographic Maps, 1877-1914�</A> (by Patrick McGlamery in 
<I>RLG DigiNews</I> 9, 1 (February 2005), describing a project to scan and 
geo-reference images from the 776 sheets in the series) .
<P>The aim of this project is to create an international, metadata-driven, 
dynamic access tool that will enable users to find and view scanned and 
geo-referenced images from 1877-1914 Austro-Hungarian topographic maps (AuHu75) 
by querying an easy-to-use digital gazetteer. The 776 sheets are known in a 
total of about 3,665 editions. A prototype of the AuHu75 can be found on the <A 
target=_blank>MAGIC</A> website of the University of Connecticut�s Homer 
Babbidge Library.
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=biblioteca></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana, Venezia,</A> Ufficio Carte 
Geografiche e Stampe. 'Progetti speciali' 
<P>Related cataloguing and image capture projects involving the Coronelli 
corpus, the Fra Mauro map and thousands of other maps. See also GeoWeb and 'Hic 
Sunt Leones' - both below. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=bremen></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Bremen. DFG-Projekt: Retrospektive Digitalisierung des 
historischen Kartenbestandes der Staats- und Universit�bibliothek Bremen</A>
<P>[From an earlier English text version, headed: 'Retrospective digitisation of 
historical geographical maps at the State and University Library Bremen']. "The 
State and University Library Bremen plans to digitize its collection of 
historical maps and present the digitized maps via its website. In the first 
phase, which is now completed, 100 historical maps have been digitized. This 
phase has been financed by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), the German 
Research Council...It is planned to digitize the whole collection and present it 
via the Internet in a second phase". Project duration: October 2000 to September 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=british></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>British and Irish digital projects</A> 
<P>A twice-yearly update (started November 2002) with brief details of new and 
developing digital cartographic projects, gathered by Anne Taylor, University of 
Cambridge, on behalf of BRICMICS (British and Irish Committee on Map Information 
and Cataloguing Systems) 

{SEE: - checked 306 and still listed but link not active }

<A HREF="#top of page"><font color="green"><i>Top of page</i></font></A>

<a name="centro"></a>

<a href="" target="_blank">Centro Studi sull' Iconografia
della citt�uropea</a><p>

Among other objectives, the Centro (run from the Universit�egli Studi
di Napoli "Federico II")  aims to "raccogliere, inventariare e catalogare la
   iconografica della citt�uropea dal Medioevo all'Et�oderna." The
intention is that these 'fonti iconografiche' will be accessible via the web.
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=charles></A><A href="" target=_blank>Charles 
<P>"A site exploring the papers of Charles Booth, his family, and his survey 
into life and labour in London. This web site accompanies a new project to put 
digitised versions of the material described here online. The full Online Guide 
to the Papers of Charles Booth will be launching in January 2001". 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=charting></A><A name=""></A><A 
href="" target=_blank>Charting the 
Nation 1590-1740</A>
<P>'Charting the Nation is a collaborative digital imaging and cataloguing 
project with the aim of preserving and widening access to maps of Scotland and 
their associated archives dating from 1590 to 1740.' The intention is to mount 
about 3,600 images, of maps and related texts. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=china></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>China Historical Geographic Information System (CHGIS) project</A>
<P>'The CHGIS will establish a standardized coding system to identify historical 
administrative units for different periods in Chinese History, and will also 
provide a base GIS platform for researchers to use for spatial analysis, 
temporal statistical modeling, and representation of selected historical units 
as digital maps. The project will begin with several temporal slices from the 
Qing Dynasty and work backwards in time, allowing for additional information 
about intervening points in time to be added at any stage in the process'. For 
results to date see <A href="" 
target=_blank>From Tibet to Altai - Russian Historical Maps of China</A>. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=collect></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Collect Britain: Putting History in Place (British Library)</A>
<P>"Journey with us through time and place. Our rich hidden resources are now 
open to all. Collect Britain will grow over time. This is just a first selection 
from the British Library's vast collections". Funded by the New Opportunities 
Fund. The <A href="" 
target=_blank>Collections </A>page features the following map series, which will 
feature in the final online collection: The Crace Collection of Maps of London; 
The Ordnance Surveyors' Drawings; The Unveiling of Britain [maps and views 
800-1600]; King George III's Topographical Collection; Deptford Plans and 
Drawings Collection. For fuller details of these series, as they are mounted on 
the web, see the appropriate pages in the <A 
href="">Web Images</A> section. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=rumsey></A><A href="" target=_blank>David 
Rumsey collection</A>
<P>For descriptive notes, see <A 
href="">Images of early maps on 
the web: large general sites</A> 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=digital></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Digital Historical Maps</A>
<P>[<I>The project closed in 2001</I>]. A consortium of archives in Denmark, 
Germany and Sweden. 'In this project we show more than 10 000 maps and text 
documents, free of charge. The selection is made to make it possible to get an 
overview of what type of information you can gain from different times from the 
archives'. It is supported by the European Commission's INFO2000 programme. The 
site includes high quality images, and commentary on the materials used for the 
maps and on the digitisation process. See also entries for the separate 
countries under <A href="">Web 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=diwa></A><A href="" target=_blank>Digitaler 
Wenker-Atlas (DiWA). Georg Wenker's "Sprachatlas des Deutschen Reichs"</A> 
<P>Georg Wenker's "Linguistic Atlas of the German Empire" (Sprachatlas des 
Deutschen Reichs; data collected between 1876 and 1887) is the first and to date 
most extensive linguistic atlas in existence. Featuring data from approximately 
50,000 locations, it represents the only total survey and cartographic depiction 
of the dialects of a language. With their as yet unmatched clarity, the 1,668 
hand-drawn maps are a cultural historical asset of the first order. This is why 
the endangered atlas (the 22 colors are beginning to fade), which for technical 
and financial reasons has never been published, is to be conserved and made 
publicly accessible. To this end, the Wenker Atlas maps are being photographed, 
digitized, incorporated into various databases, and made freely available via 
the Internet... 
<P>To date (19 December 2002), all component maps have been digitalized, 276 
maps are available online. [Extracted from the English version of the 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=early></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Early Maps (1660-1850) of the Middle Atlantic Seaboard</A> 
<P>"The Research Libraries of The New York Public Library will digitize and make 
broadly available on its website, a collection of antiquarian maps and atlases, 
1660-1850 of the United States Middle-Atlantic region. With support from the 
National Endowment of the Humanities, this two year grant 2000-2002 will 
catalog, perform conservation work on some of the maps, and digitize 
approximately 1,190 sheet maps and 150 maps contained in atlases." 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=electronic></A><A href="" target=_blank>The 
Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative (ECAI) </A>
<P>Currently comprising 75 separate historical GIS projects. On this see: 
Michael Buckland and Lewis Lancaster, <A 
target=_blank>'Combining Place, Time, and Topic: The Electronic Cultural Atlas 
Initiative'</A>, <I>D-Lib Magazine</I>, May 2004, Vol. 10, No.5. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=england></A><A 
target=_blank>England. History of cartography research at the University of 
<P>A series of ongoing projects, each with their own web page, as follows: Tithe 
maps; Enclosure and rating, parochial asessment, sanitary and drainage maps; 
Boundaries of historic (pre-1850) parishes and townships of England and Wales; 
Ordnance Survey; British Town Maps, 1470-1895: A Catalogue and Cartographical 
Analysis; Maps and History in South-West England; Cadastral maps in the service 
of the state: a history of property mapping; Historical Atlas of South-West 
England; English maps: a history. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=roadmaps></A><A href="" target=_blank>Road Map 
Collectors Association</A> 
<P>Two projects, both covering the separate US states and Canadian provinces: <A 
href="" target=_blank>'Official 
[Highways] Maps Master List' (OMML)</A> and the projected <A 
href="" target=_blank>'Petro Maps Master 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=forma></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>'Forma Urbis Romae'</A> 
<P>Experiments are underway to see if 3D scanning techniques could be used to 
piece together the more than 1,163 marble fragments that make up the giant map 
of ancient Rome (c.200 A.D.). This would form part of the Michelangelo Project. 
On this, see a BBC News piece of 28 April 2004 by <A 
href="" target=_blank>David 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=gallica></A><A href="" target=_blank>Gallica - 
Biblioth�e nationale de France</A> 
<P>'Une biblioth�e patrimoniale et encyclop�que', to comprise 70,000 
'noteworthy' digitised texts [click on 'Recherche' and restrict to 'Ouvrages en 
mode texte' and 'Monographies en mode image'] and over 80,000 images. The works 
involved include Ptolemy, Ortelius, Sanson and various venerable commentaries on 
early maps and charts, e.g. by Hamy. Making a browsing selection, via 
'Recherche', and entering 'cart*' in 'Mots du Titre' produced 1025 entries (not 
all relevant), whereas entering 'cartes' in 'Sujet' produced 199, 'atlas' 28 and 
'cartes nautiques' 116. The black and white images are taken from microfilm of 
variable quality but it can be considerably enlarged; choose TIFF or PDF format 
via 'T�chargement de l'ouvrage' [examined December 2003]
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=geoweb></A><A href="" 
<P>'The cartographical and graphical website of the national Library Marciana of 
Venice'. The online catalogue links to over 20,000 low resolution map images. 
Searching can also be done via an interactive map. There is an <A 
target=_blank>alphabetical listing </A>of the works involved. See also under 
Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana, Venezia, above. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=great></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Great Britain Historical GIS Project</A> 
<P>A computerised record of the changing administrative boundaries of Britain, 
currently working backwards from the early 19th century to the 17th. See also <A 
href="" target=_blank>'A Vision of 
Britain Through Time'</A>. <BR>
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=gpgn></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Greater Philadelphia GeoHistory Network (GPGN)</A> 
<P>Involving many members of the Philadelphia Area Consortium of Special 
Collections Libraries (PACSCL). The GeoHistory Network will serve as a flexible 
and inclusive repository for information about the southeastern Pennsylvania 
region. The historical base map of land records has been scanned by the City of 
Philadelphia, Department of Records and three Philadelphia atlases (1860, 1895 
and 1910) will be included in the GIS for exploring the history, culture, and 
architecture of the region. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=hic></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Hic Sunt Leones</A> 
<P>'Texts and resources for the historical and cartographical research and the 
carto-bibliography', edited by Piero Falchetta of the Biblioteca Marciana. These 
include a listing of the early maps of America in the Marciana, studies on 
de'Barbari, Cabot, and Fra Mauro, the contents pages of <A 
href=""><I>Imago Mundi</I></A>, and the 
entire sequence of place-names from a 14th century portolan chart. See also 
under Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana, Venezia, above. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=historic></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Historic Cities</A>
<P>"A joint project of the Historic Cities Center of the Department of 
Geography, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Jewish National and 
University Library. It is intended to contain maps, literature, documents, books 
and other relevant material concerning the past, present and future of historic 
cities and to facilitate the location of similar content on the web. We would 
like the site to be a meeting place for the lovers of historic cities and to 
function as a virtual archive, which will constantly develop and grow. The 
content will be loaded gradually: first we will load several hundreds of high 
quality city maps which we scanned, and brief documented histories of some of 
the most important cities." See also under <A 
href="">Web Images</A> (Continental 
Europe: 'Town plans'; Russia (St Petersburg)) 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=oberrheins></A><A 
target=_blank>Historische Kartenbest�e des Oberrheins</A> 
<P>Scans of maps and related texts on the website of the University Library, 
Freiburg im Breisgau. A joint project of the libraries of the EUCOR 
Confederation and the Generallandesarchiv Karlsruhe. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=iceland></A><A href="" 
<P>The National and University Library of Iceland and the National Library of 
Norway are co-operating to produce electronic images of pre-1900 maps of 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=images></A><A 
target=_blank>Images for economic and social history: presentation data bank of 
<P>Images from early books relating to economic history, from the collections of 
the Istituto Internazionale di Storia Economica "F. Datini" - Prato, the 
Biblioteca Comunale "A. Lazzerini" - Prato and the Biblioteca Riccardiana - 
Firenze. See various individual entries in the appropriate parts of the Web 
Images <A href="">section</A>, or go to 
the <A href="">Homepage</A> and use the 
Sitesearch for 'immagini'. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=imago></A><A 
target=_blank>Imago II Project (Archivio di Stato di Roma)</A>
<P>"The Imago II Project, achieved in 1997-2000, had the goal of turning from 
traditional techniques of reproduction to the new digital ones, to preserve 
original documents. Many of the most consulted series are now available for a 
virtual access, in the State Archive or on Internet since june 2002. Today are 
in the Imago information system: Alessandrino Cadastre, Urban Roman Cadastre, a 
selection of the Gregoriano Cadastre including the 600 most important towns of 
Papal State, the carthography of the old rural Cadastre. Also the roman 
parchments were digitized, and are now included in a common database with the 
others, were often abstracts ("regesti") are included. Some of the more useful 
registers are digitized too: alphabetic registers of roman notaries; some 
ancient registers of the Tesorerie provinciali. Finally, some precious items as 
the illuminated manuscript of Liber Regulae. Within the project about 5.000 
digital color photos have been done of maps and manuscripts, 25.000 colour 
scanning of ancient maps and parchments, 100.000 greyscale scanning of cadastre 
and notarial registers. Images in jpeg format have been masterized in about 500 
CD-R while copies of this images, in a MrSID format, are now available in high 
resolution on this website." [Text also in <A 
target=_blank>Italian</A> - note that it is necessary to register before 
consulting the images] 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=itinera></A>Itinera per Indias Occidentales 
<P>A joint project between the Biblioteca Nacional Jos�art�Havana (Cuba) and 
the Biblioteca Angelica, Rome, to create a web-based databank containing 
descriptions and images of maps and travel accounts relating to Latin America. 
The results can be seen at the <A 
target=_blank>search page</A> (also in <A 
target=_blank>Italian</A>). Access to the much enlarged, but only medium 
resolution, images is via a 'subject' [i.e. geographical area] option, spread 
over many screens; or enter 'cartografia' into 'Word search' (which produced 
descriptions of 228 items - those with a globe symbol having an image). 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=lewis></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Lewis and Clark Historic Landscape Project</A> 
<P>"This website serves geographical information and maps that are products of 
the LEWIS AND CLARK HISTORIC LANDSCAPE PROJECT that has been conducted at the 
Geographic Resources Center (GRC), Department of Geography, University of 
Missouri in partnership with the Missouri State Archives, Office of the Missouri 
Secretary of State. With the primary goals to geo-reference, digitize, and map 
all of the retrievable information from the Lewis and Clark journals and the 
18th and 19th-century land survey notes along the Big River Corridors of the 
state of Missouri, this effort should serve as a significant educational 
contribution to the national commemoration of the Lewis and Clark Bicentennial 
(2003-2006)." 18th and 19th century maps are expected. The site includes a page 
of links to other Lewis &amp; Clark sites. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=europe></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Mapping Europe's Historic Boundaries and Borders</A>
<P>Concerned with mapping the changing boundaries of administrative units, from 
parishes and communes up to nations and empires, as a framework for studying the 
European past. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=med></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Mapping Mediterranean Lands</A> 
<P>"The Digital Library for International Research, under the aegis of the 
Council of American Overseas Research Centers aims to identify, catalogue, 
conserve, and make electronically accessible important early maps and related 
information as well as unique maps from archaeological excavation and 
exploration by American overseas research centers around the Mediterranean as 
well as those in other areas with related materials. The multi-phase project 
will result in a fully searchable web-based catalog of these materials enriched 
with selected digitized images and texts". 
<P>"Ultimately the International Research Maps Database will contain 
bibliographic records and graphical images for the most important maps from the 
various collections of the American Overseas Research Centers, representing 
approximately 5,000 unique maps. To date, we have surveyed over 3,000 maps from 
centers in the Mediterranean area. Brief inventories and selected digital maps 
are currently available through the Mapping Mediterranean Lands project" (March 
2005). For a selection of images see <A 
target=_blank>Digital Maps from the Mapping Mediterranean Lands Project</A>; and 
also <A 
target=_blank>Brief Inventories</A> from the participating libraries. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=gough></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Mapping the Realm: English cartographic constructions of 
fourteenth-century Britain</A> [about the Gough Map] 
<P>"'Mapping the realm� is a project funded by the British Academy to create an 
interactive online version of the celebrated medieval �Gough Map� of Great 
Britain. The original map is held in the Bodleian Library in Oxford. It probably 
dates from the fourteenth century but neither the identity of its author or its 
exact origins are known...The project seeks to find out more about this 
enigmatic map. Using a scan of the original, undertaken by DigiData 
Technologies...GIS makes it possible to study the map�s content and assess how 
it was made, who made it, and what it was made for - all questions yet to be 
resolved." Queen�s University, Belfast in collaboration with the Bodleian 
Library. See <A href="" 
target=_blank>'Britain's first road map'</A> (Nick Millea on this project, in 
the Hilary 2006 issue of the Oxford University Alumni magazine, <I>Oxford 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=world></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Mapping the World</A>
<P>Seven UK libraries, led by the Bodleian (Oxford), will convert their 
catalogue cards for post-1850 overseas mapping into a common database. Series 
mapping will be treated at series level. The resulting records will be mounted 
on COPAC, the online catalogue of <A href="" 
target=_blank>CURL</A>, the Consortium of University Research Libraries. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=memory></A><A 
href="">Memory of the 
Netherlands Project (�Het Geheugen van Nederland�)</A> 
<P>"The Memory contains images and texts from the often hidden collections of 
Dutch cultural institutions." Use the <A 
target=_blank>Advanced Search</A> to identify and select the various 
cartographic elements [as at December 2004]: �Atlassen uit het 
Scheepvaartmuseum� (the Atlas Van Loon and the expanded version of van Keulen�s 
<I>Nieuwe Lichtende Zee-Fakkel</I>), 'Atlassen� (the Atlas Van der Hagen and the 
Atlas Beudeker), and �Suriname in kaart gebracht�. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=nolli></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Nolli map of Rome</A> 
<P>A Flash-based, high resolution, interactive version of the 1748 Nolli map of 
Rome (176 x 208 cm when joined), supported by research papers. "Using the Map 
Engine, the user can pan in any direction and zoom in or out from the 
macro-scale of the city to the micro-scale of the building. Layers have been 
created to focus on particular topics, for example gardens". 1,320 sites are 
indexed both by position and by feature type. "In addition the search mechanism 
provides annotations for all sites including modern name and location, type, 
architect, time period, and references. A simple search will provide results 
that match in any of these categories, as well as retrieve entries in the 
glossary, bibliography, and any articles that appear on the site". See &lt; &gt; 'An ancient map of Rome 
that's surprisingly up to date' (by Jim Regan in the Christian Science Monitor, 
19 October 2005). 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=parish></A><A 
target=_blank>The [New South Wales] Parish Map Preservation Project</A>
<P>"The State's historical, and eventually current Parish, Town, County and 
Municipal maps are being collected and digitally photographed in District Office 
sets" by the Department of Lands, New South Wales. All the 35,000 currently 
available Historical editions of the parish maps can be found as <A 
target=_blank>MrSID images</A>. See also the entry under <A 
href="">Web Images</A> <!--
<A HREF="#top of page"><font color="green"><i>Top of page</i></font></A>
</center> <hr>

<a name="perception"></a>
href="" target="_blank">Perception
of Space and Forms of Mappings. From Medieval Cosmography to Renaissance
Cartography: Towards a New Reading of Fifteenth and Sixteenth Century
A collaboration between the Science Museum, Florence and the Geography
Department of the University of Wisconsin (Madison), this 'aims to study
early modern perception of space and mapping, commencing from
  the provision of a new interpretation of early Modern cartography
through the digitalisation and the re-projection of the
  Ptolemaic planispheres into standard and modern projections'.
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=peutinger></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>A New Edition of Peutinger�s Roman Map: Design, Purpose, and 
<P>Measuring 22 x 1 foot in size, it is "seemingly a mediaeval copy of a Roman 
original". "Scanned images and digitization [will] enable me to offer a detailed 
entry for every physical feature, route stretch, and name marked (several 
thousand in all), as well as to deconstruct the cartographic production process 
and successive copyists� changes" (Richard Talbert, Ancient World Mapping 
Center, July 2004). 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=pfyffer></A><A 
target=_blank>Pfyffer. 3D Reconstruction and Evaluation of a Historical Relief 
Model of Switzerland (1762-1786)</A>
<P>A scientific evaluation by Jana Nieder� of the Institute of Geodesy and 
Photogrammetry of the ETH in Zurich, of Franz Ludwig Pfyffer's relief model of 
Central Switzerland. Covering about one tenth of the country, this is the oldest 
preserved, large relief model of Switzerland 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=pictures></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Pictures in Print</A>
<P>"A collaborative project sponsored by the British Library Co-operation and 
Partnership Programme to create a union catalogue, with viewable images, of 
printed maps and topographical prints of County Durham created before 1860 held 
by Durham University Library, Durham County Library, Durham Cathedral Library 
and the Bowes Museum." 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=pont></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>Project Pont</A>
<P>Maps of Scotland produced by Timothy Pont (c.1583-96) in the National Library 
of Scotland - their digitisation and study. The project is now finished but the 
results of the work remain available. See also the comments (under 
'Functionality') on <A 
href="">About the listing of early 
map image sites on the web</A>. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=ptolemaios></A><A href="" 
<P>A project, by the Institute of Classical Philology in Bern, to produce a new 
critical edition of the Greek text of the Geographia and its maps. Its duration 
is April 2001-December 2006. "Die Ptolemaios-Forschungsstelle in Bern, die dem 
Institut f�ssische Philologie der Universit�Bern angegliedert ist, hat 
sich zum Ziel gesetzt, eine zweisprachige Neuausgabe der Geographie des Klaudios 
Ptolemaios in die Wege zu leiten. Vorgesehen ist eine Neubearbeitung des seit 
1843/45 nie mehr vollst�ig redigierten griechischen Textes unter 
Ber�htigung der 1930 wiederentdeckten Ptolemaioshandschrift in Istanbul, 
eine deutsche �ersetzung sowie eine Umzeichnung der Karten. In einem 
Erg�ungsband sollen wesentliche Aspekte wie handschriftliche �erlieferung, 
Messmethoden, Gestaltung des Ortskataloges, Wirkungsgeschichte u.a.m. in 
einzelnen Kapiteln behandelt werden. Das Projekt wird vom Schweizerischen 
Nationalfonds und von der Bernischen Hochschulstiftung unterst�Die 
Forschungsstelle bem�ch um internationale und interdisziplin� 
Zusammenarbeit." See report in <I>Cartographica Helvetica</I> 31 (2005) and a 
note by Oswald Dreyer-Eimbcke in the <I>IMCOS Journal</I> 104 (Spring 2006) 
pp.51, 54.
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=resources></A><A href="" target=_blank>Resources 
for Learning in Scotland (RLS)</A>
<P>"A consortium headed by the National Library of Scotland and including the 
National Archives of Scotland, the Scottish Cultural Resources Access Network 
(SCRAN), and over 100 Scottish archives and libraries, to create digital content 
for the study and celebration of social, cultural and industrial heritage in 
Scotland, complementary to and integrated with the SCRAN resource base." The 
National Library alone plans to scan over 1000 maps. Maps can be searched for, 
but only small, low resolution images are available to non-subscribers. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=stanford></A>Stanford Geological Survey Maps and Field Notebooks 
<P>Notice included in the September 2001 issue of the WAML <A 
href="" target=_blank><I>News &amp; 
Notes</I></A>: Branner Earth Sciences Library &amp; Map Collections, of the 
Stanford University Libraries, is pleased to announce the receipt of a grant 
through the California State Library to scan and catalog the maps and field 
notebooks of the Stanford Geological Survey from 1897 to the present. This two 
year project will be funded jointly by funds from the Library Services and 
Technology Act (LSTA), the School of Earth Sciences at Stanford, and the 
Stanford University Libraries.
<P>The collection includes approximately 5,000 manuscript items that primarily 
cover portions of the state of California. As the maps and field notebooks are 
held exclusively at Branner Library, they are a unique resource for the people 
of the state of California and across the county. The scanned maps and field 
notebooks, as well as the accompanying metadata, will ultimately be available to 
all for free over the Web. Although it is expected that the project will take 
two years to complete, the Web site will be fully functional after the first 
year with a goal of 500 images and records available to view.
<P>For more information contact: Julie Sweetkind-Singer, GIS &amp; Map Librarian 
&lt; sweetkind(at) &gt; [NB. You need to replace (at) with the @ 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=time></A><A href="" target=_blank>TimeMap: 
Time-based Interactive Mapping</A> 
<P>"TimeMap TMJava is a novel mapping applet which generates complete 
interactive maps with a few simple lines of html. It provides a way of easily 
enriching web pages with historical or contemporary information that goes far 
beyond static jpg map images". The University of Sydney. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=ukborders></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>UKBORDERS On-Line Digital Boundary Data (Edinburgh Univ.)</A>
<P>'United Kingdom Boundary Outline and Reference Database for Education and 
Research Study'. This a web-based Interface that provides digitised boundary 
datasets of the UK, available in many GIS formats (MapInfo MIF/MID, ArcView 
Shape, Arc/Info Export and several others), for users to download. 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>
<A name=serial></A><A 
target=_blank>U.S. Serial Set Maps</A> 
<P>"The University of Maryland and LexisNexis U.S., a leading provider of news, 
business and legal information services, announced an alliance today aimed at 
preserving images of the U.S. Serial Set Maps while making the maps easily 
accessible and searchable online. 
<P>The U.S. Serial Set is a vast historical resource that contains an ongoing 
collection of U.S. Government publications compiled under a directive of 
Congress, and consequently traces virtually all aspects of American history, 
including trade and commerce, military history, geography, scientific 
exploration, and anthropology. 
<P>Already, LexisNexis� has digitized nearly the entire U.S. Serial Set 
collection spanning 1789-1969, including 325,000 documents drawn from nearly 
13,000 volumes, 52,000 maps, and the American State Papers. 
<P>This new project will enhance the quality of the maps section. The University 
of Maryland is providing the original maps so LexisNexis can rescan the 
collection into high-resolution digital images in color and black and white. 
Current scans taken from microfiche cannot provide the color or the same clarity 
as a scan from the original maps". [Press release June 27, 2005]. See also the 
Library of Congress note on the <A 
href="" target=_blank>U.S. Serial 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
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<A name=upjohn></A><A href="" 
target=_blank>W.E. Upjohn Center for the Study of Geographical Change</A> 
<P>The Center was established at Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, in 
October 2005. "The facility, the only one of its kind in the world, will use the 
latest technology to preserve and create enhanced digital versions of maps and 
aerial photography... In many cases, the original paper and photographic 
versions of these documents are deteriorating and might be lost if not preserved 
in electronic form... unlimited access via the Web... At the same time that maps 
and aerial photographs are being preserved in digital form, they will be 
electronically catalogued and cross-referenced, making it possible for the first 
time to easily search for desired materials...With digitization of flat 
topographical maps we will be able to create three-dimensional computer 
representations down to a single part of one county in any state in any year in 
which a map was made. We will begin with our own country, but the ultimate scope 
of this project is global, and maps never stop changing." [Extracts from the 
Press Release, 17 October 2005 ' Unique research center established with $4 
million gift'.] 
<CENTER><A href=" of page"><FONT 
color=green><I>Top of page</I></FONT></A> </CENTER>

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