External standards organizations
Revised OMB Circular A-119 (1998) establishes policies on Federal use and development of voluntary consensus standards and on conformity assessment activities. Pub. L. 104-113, the "National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995," codified existing policies in A-119, established reporting requirements, and authorized the National Institute of Standards and Technology to coordinate conformity assessment activities of the agencies.
- INCITS Technical
Committee L1, Geographic Information Systems - The work of INCITS
L1 consists of adopting or adapting information technology standards
and developing standards used in creating, defining, describing, and
processing digital geographic data. INCITS L1 is the means by which the
FGDC and its member agencies participate in ISO and ANSI
standardization activities for standardization activities in geographic
information. INCITS L1 serves as the U.S. technical advisory group
(TAG) to ISO Technical Committee 211
(ISO TC 211), Geographic information/Geomatics.
The InterNational Committee for Information Technology Standards (INCITS) is accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) to develop standards for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT). INCITS comprises of many technical committees, including INCITS L1, that develop standards in specific topic areas of ICT.
- ANSI is the U.S. member body of the International Organization for Standardization, or ISO. ANSI accredits standards developers, certification bodies and technical advisory groups (TAGs) to both ISO and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).
- ISO describes itself as a "network of the national standards institutes of 147 countries, on the basis of one member per country." Standards development is carried out by technical committees, including ISO Technical Committee 211.
- Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) is a consortium aimed at growing interoperability for technologies involving spatial information and location. OGC has a liaison relationship with ISO TC 211. FGDC member agencies are members of OGC.
- Other consortium activities include:
- Object Management Group (OMG), a not-for-profit consortium that produces and maintains computer industry specifications for interoperable enterprise applications, including specifications for Unified Modeling Language (UML), the conceptual schema language used for ISO TC 211 standards.
- The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), which develops interoperable technologies (specifications, guidelines, software, and tools) to lead the Web to its full potential.
- The Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS), which drives the development, convergence and adoption of e-business standards. OASIS produces worldwide standards for security, Web services, XML conformance, and more.
- The American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS) has a home page for its Standards Committee.
- The National Emergency Number Association (NENA) is a professional organization solely focused on 9-1-1 policy, technology, operations, and education issues. It is also an ANSI-accredited Standards Developer. It has vetted and approved several OGC standards for use in NextGen 9-1-1.